HORMONAL PROFILES IN POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN AFTER THERAPY WITH SUBCUTANEOUS IMPLANTS
Margaret H. Thom, W. P. Collins and J. W. W. Studd, BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Volume 88, Issue 4, pages 426–433, April 1981
Plasma hormones were estimated in 24 postmenopausal patients who had been castrated. Each was given a sub-cutaneous implant of either 100 mg or 50 mg of oestradiol, or 50 mg of oestradiol with 100 mg of testosterone, or 200 mg of testosterone. These values compare favorably with those attained after oral estrogen therapy.
PHARMACOKINETICS AND PHARMACODYNAMICS OF TESTOSTERONE PELLETS IN MAN
David J. Handelsman, Ann J. Conway, and Lyn M. Boylan, The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, Volume 71, Issue 1, October 23, 1989
We studied the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of implanted pellets of fused crystalline testosterone. We conclude that fused pellets of crystalline testosterone provide very satisfactory depot androgen replacement exhibiting many desirable features for androgen replacement.
PHARMACOKINETIC EVALUATION AND DOSING OF SUBCUTANEOUS TESTOSTERONE PELLETS
Alexander W. Pastuszak, Harsha Mittakanti, Joceline S. Liu, Lissette Gomez, Larry I. Lipschultz, Mohit Khera, Scott Department of Urology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas; and the Department of Urology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois.
SUBCUTANEOUS HORMONE IMPLANTS FOR THE CONTROL OF CLIMACTERIC SYMPTOMS: A PROSPECTIVE STUDY
M. Brincat, J.W.W. Studd, T. O'Dowd, A. Magos, L.D. Cardozo, P.J. Wardle, D. Cooper. The Lancet Volume 323, Issue 8367, 7 January 1984, Pages 16–18. Originally published as Volume 1, Issue 8367
The statistically highly significant levels of symptom relief that followed an oestradiol and testoserone implant were contrasted sharply with the lack of any significant relief with placebo. Despite the success of oestradiol and testosterone implants in relieving symptoms of the climacteric, symptoms returned once the treatment was stopped.
TESTOSTERONE RELEASE RATE AND DURATION OF ACTION OF TESTOSTERONE PELLET IMPLANTS
S. Kelleher, C. Howe, A. J. Conway and D. J. Handelsman. Clinical Endocrinology, Volume 60, Issue 4, pages 420–428, April 2004
Testosterone pellet implants release testosterone at a steady rate of 1·3 mg/200 mg implant/day (95% CI). The duration of action is about 6 months in an uncomplicated cycle with timing of return shortened by extrusions only in the 3·6% of procedures followed by multiple extrusions.
BONE MINERAL DENSITY OUTCOMES FOLLOWING LONG-TERM TREATMENT WITH SUBCUTANEOUS TESTOSTERONE PELLET IMPLANTS IN MALE HYPOGONADISM
Margaret R. Zacharin, Joseph Pua and Shankar Kanumakala. Clinical Endocrinology, Volume 58, Issue 6, pages 691–695, June 2003
Long-acting subcutaneous testosterone pellet implants as replacement therapy in male hypogonadism are safe, acceptable to the patient, result in adequate bone mass accumulation and maintenance of normal bone mineral density.
AN ANALYSIS OF TESTOSTERONE IMPLANTS FOR ANDROGEN REPLACEMENT THERAPY
David J. Handelsman, Mary-Anne Mackey, Chris Howe, Leo Turner and Ann J. Conway, Clinical Endocrinology, Volume 47, Issue 3, pages 311–316, September 1997
This study demonstrates the very satisfactory clinical acceptability of testosterone pellet implants for androgen replacement therapy within a single unit with experienced operators.
A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW OF THE SAFETY AND EFFICACY OF BIOIDENTICAL HORMONES FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF MENOPAUSE AND RELATED HEALTH RISKS
B Hormones - Altern Med Rev, 2006, D. Moskowitz
RANDOMIZED CROSS-OVER CLINICAL TRIAL OF INJECTABLE VS. IMPLANTABLE DEPOT TESTOSTERONE FOR MAINTENANCE OF TESTOSTERONE REPLACEMENT THERAPY IN ANDROGEN DEFICIENT MEN
Carolyn Fennell, Gideon Sartorius, Lam P. Ly, Leo Turner, Peter Y. Liu, Ann J. Conway and David J. Handelsman, Andrology Department, Concord Hospital & ANZAC Research Institute, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia Clinical Endocrinology (2010) 73, 102–109
INFLUENCE OF IMPLANTATION SITE AND TRACK GEOMETRY ON THE EXTRUSION RATE AND PHARMACOLOGY OF TESTOSTERONE IMPLANTS
S. Kelleher, A. J. Conway, D. J. Handelsman, Department of Andrology, Concord Hospital and ANZAC Research Institute, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia Clinical Endocrinology (2001) 55, 531±536